The original default position is success and happiness. Transgressions lead to fall and destruction.
If communities believe and have taqwa they get bounties from Allah. Bounties are a test for humans ( & 89:15). Bounties
are increased if humans are grateful to Allah (4:147 & 14:8). Few humans are grateful (2:243 & 67:23). Humans give
the lie to Allah’s bounties (55:13). Iman is necessary for happiness on earth ().
34.3.2 CHANGE IS FOR THE WORSE
The Qur’an has talked about change from good to worse as destruction of people (6:6 & 77:16),
communities ( & 50:36) as punishments for transgression (7:159 & 35:42).
34.3.3. LAWS OF SOCIAL CHANGE, sunnat al taghyiir
The Qur’an has described that there are laws of social change, sunnat al llaahi fi al taghyiir
(6:89 &47:38). The same laws applied to all past communities (3:137 &
48:23). Allah does not change the original position of a community unless and until they themselves do evils that necessitate
that change ( & ). Every
community has a fixed span of time ( & ).
Communities rise and fall and are replaced by others (6:133 & 76:28).
34.3.4 CAUSES OF ADVERSE SOCIAL CHANGE
Social change leading to decay is due to ruling with laws
not from Allah, hukm bi ghayr ma anzala al llaah (2:188 & 24:48), following the false, tab’iyat madhmuumat
(2:102 & 71:21), luxuries, taraf (11:116 & 43:23), disbelief, kufr (6:25-26 & 19:74), giving the lie to the truth,
takdhiib al haqq (8:54 & 69:4-6), transgression, dhulm (3:117 & 53:50-52), crime, ijraam (7:83-84 & 44:37), the
actions of the ignorant, sufaha (7:155), following desires, ittiba’u al hawaa (20:16), sins, dhunuub (6:6, 8:54, &
17:17), fisq (17:16 & .46:25), dhann al suu (41:23), wasteful extravagance, israaf (20:127-128, 21:9), taraf (17:16),
batr (28:58), and batsh (43:8, 50:36).
34.3.5 CONCEPT OF REFORM, islaah
The Qur’an has mentioned reform, islaah (2:160 & 47:5). It is essentially the honorable,
taba’iyat mahmuudat ( & 57:27). The believers will eventually be
victorious, nasr al muminuun (2:194-195 & 63:8). The earth will be inherited by the righteous, wirathat al ardh li al
saalihiin (7:100 & 44:28).