33.4.1 NATURE and CAUSES OF POVERTY
The Qur’an refers to poverty as faqr, masknat, and
‘imlaaq. Shaitan uses human fear of poverty to frighten and control
people. Poverty can be a form of punishment. Poverty has its own merit. The majority of the inhabitants of jannat will be
the poor. The main causes of poverty are family breakdown, non-payment of zakat, social injustice, and physical disasters.
33.4.2 EFFECTS OF POVERTY
Poverty is associated with malnutrition and ill-health. It destroys human dignity and self-worth replacing
them with despair and loss of hope. Poverty undermines self-confidence and assertiveness making it difficult to resist temptation
to sin and crime. People may resort to crime to meet basic human needs. Social instability results when the deprived fight
the well to do.
33.4.3 POVERTY MITIGATION by SOCIAL WELFARE, takaful ijtimae:
The Qur’an has taught many ways of mitigating or eradicating poverty. The target groups for poverty
programs are the weak and needy: the maskiin, the faqiir, orphans, widows, and the elderly. Their needs are food, shelter,
clothing, medical care, and education. The main sources of resources are zakat al
mal, zakat al fitr, and sadaqat
al tatawu’u, kaffarat, adhahi, ‘aqiiqah, and waqf. The institutions involved in social
welfare are the extended family, waqf institutions, the government, and social insurance.
33.4.4 ERADICATION OF POVERTY
Equitable distribution of the world resources will eliminate much of the poverty existing at the moment.
However concerted international action is not possible. The primary role of the government is to ensure just economic distribution,
employment opportunities, infra-structure, and a non-riba economy. Conditions of peace and stability will enable the community
build safety nets for the most vulnerable citizens. Stability and continuity of the nuclear family protects children from
poverty. Open migration will enable people to move from places with no economic opportunities to others where they can help
33.4.5 MISUSE OF WEALTH, taraf
Taraf, waste of food, and a hedonistic lifestyle waste resources that could have been used to help