Wudhu has physical, psychological, and social or emotional benefits. It is washing or wiping with a
wet hand the exposed parts of the body (face, hands, forearm, head, and feet) once, twice, or thrice. It suffices to wipe
the turban, the top of socks, or the bandage. Additional non-obligatory acts are running water down the elbow, istinshaar,
madhmadhat, wiping the inter-digital spaces of hands and feet. Wudhu is nullified by passing urine, feces, or flatus; ejaculation;
urethral discharge; prostatic discharge; menstruation; deep sleep; vomiting; eating camel meat; touching the external genitals.
Wudhu is not nullified by medical treatment involving bleeding; touching a woman with no sexual desire or intentions; bleeding
from a fresh wound; inter-menstrual bleeding; and kissing. A person who has no wudhu cannot touch or read the Qur'an.
19.1.2 WASHING OF THE BODY, GHUSL:
Bath, ghusl, is obligatory after coitus, male and female sexual emissions without coitus; end of menstruation;
and end of post-natal bleeding; after washing a dead body; conversion to Islam: and on assuming ihraam.
19.1.3 ORAL HYGIENE
Use of the tooth-pick is encouraged. It is recommended before salat but the prophet did not want to
make it compulsory for fear of burdening the ummat. Siwaak is mustahabb at all times even during saum after . Siwaak
is recommended before going to bed. Rinsing of the mouth is recommended after food.
19.1.4 DRY ABLUTION, TAYAMMUM
In the absence of water, tayammum is carried out for both wudhu and ghusl (for both travelers and non-travelers),
in extreme cold, some disease conditions and wounds that would be aggravated by use of water. Tayammum is wiping the face,
hands, and forearms after lightly touching soil with dry hands.
19.1.5 CLOTHING, THAWB:
Salat will not be valid if there is any impurity in the clothes. Perfume can be worn. Nakedness in
salat is offensive even if one is praying alone in a closed room. It is permitted to pray while wearing sandals. Wearing of
shoes in salat is allowed if not praying in a masjid.